Asymmetric particle fluxes from drifting ionization zones in sputtering magnetrons

TitleAsymmetric particle fluxes from drifting ionization zones in sputtering magnetrons
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMatjaž Panjan, Robert Franz, André Anders
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology
Date Published04/2014
KeywordsInstrumentation and measurement, Plasma physics, Surfaces, interfaces and thin films

Electron and ion fluxes from direct current and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering (dcMS and HiPIMS) plasmas were measured in the plane of the target surface. Biased collector probes and a particle energy and mass analyzer showed asymmetric emission of electrons and of singly and doubly charged ions. For both HiPIMS and dcMS discharges, higher fluxes of all types of particles were observed in the direction of the electrons' E x B drift. These results are put in the context with ionization zones that drift over the magnetron's racetrack. The measured currents of time-resolving collector probes suggest that a large fraction of the ion flux originates from drifting ionization zones, while energy-resolving mass spectrometry indicates that a large fraction of the ion energy is due to acceleration by an electric field. This supports the recently proposed hypothesis that each ionization zone is associated with a negative–positive–negative space charge structure, thereby producing an electric field that accelerates ions from the location where they were formed.

Short TitlePlasma Sources Sci. Technol.